What is CBD and where does it come from?

Cannabidiol, abbreviated as CBD, is one of at least 113 active cannabinoids identified in Cannabis. It is a major phytocannabinoid, accounting for up to 40% of the plant's extract.

Cannabis strains are either pure or hybrid varieties of the Cannabis genus of plants.

Cannabis has three species: Sativa

Indica Ruderalis

Hemp or industrial hemp is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products.

Although cannabis as a drug and industrial hemp both derive from the species Cannabis sativa and contain the psychoactive component tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), they are distinct strains with unique phytochemical compositions and uses.

Hemp has lower concentrations of THC and higher concentrations of cannabidiol (CBD), which decreases or eliminates its psychoactive effects.

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How Does Cannabis and CBD effect our bodies?

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a network of cell receptors and corresponding molecules in humans and other animals. The ECS is responsible for maintaining homeostasis, which is optimal balance in the body. This system has many different functions, including regulation of sleep, appetite, immune function, mood, and pain.

- Cannabinoid receptors

Before the 1980s, it was often speculated that cannabinoids produced their physiological and behavioral effects via nonspecific interaction with cell membranes, instead of interacting with specific membrane-bound receptors. The discovery of the first cannabinoid receptors in the 1980s helped to resolve this debate.These receptors are common in animals and have been found in mammals, birds, fish, and reptiles. At present, there are two known types of cannabinoid receptors, termed CB1 and CB2.

- Cannabinoid receptor type 1 Cannabinoid receptor type 1

CB1 receptors are found primarily in the brain. They are also found in the cerebellum and in both male and female reproductive systems. CB1 receptors are absent in the medulla oblongata, the part of the brain stem responsible for respiratory and cardiovascular functions. CB1 is also found in the human anterior eye and retina.

- Cannabinoid receptor type 2 Cannabinoid receptor type 2

CB2 receptors are predominantly found in the immune system or immune-derived cells with the greatest density in the spleen. CB2 receptors appear to be responsible for the anti-inflammatory and possibly other therapeutic effects of cannabis.

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Why use CBD ?

Helps relive pain and inflammation.
May treat seizure and other neurological disorders.
Potential therapeutic value in the treatment of addiction.
 May help fight cancer. CBD has been shown in studies to inhibits cancer cell migration, adhesion, and invasion. 

Can help regulate sleep.

Before Cannabis was criminalized hemp oil was a used in food and as medicine. Since then there has been a rise in autoimmune disorders; Multiple Sclerosis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Lupus, Crohn’s, and Type 1 Diabetes We need cannabinoids in our diet to work with the vast network of cannabinoid receptors that interact with the body’s own natural cannabis-like chemicals, anandamide, and AG-2, to bring about homeostasis and balance.

Antipsychotic. CBD has been shown in studies to have a down-regulating impact on disordered thinking and anxiety. Downregulating is the cellular decrease in the number of receptors to a molecule, such as a hormone or a neurotransmitter, which reduces the cell's sensitivity to the molecule.

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Legality of Cannabis and Hemp

Hemp is one of the fastest growing plants and was one of the first plants to be spun into usable fiber 10,000 years ago. It can be refined into a variety of commercial items including paper, textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastics, paint, insulation, biofuel, food, and animal feed. The first American flag was made of hemp.

  • Cannabis was outlawed in 1937 after the Mexican American war. Many new immigrants brought it with them to use medicinally and recreationally. However, they called it “marihuana”. Americans did not associate it with cannabis which was already in widespread use. It also became a convenient reason to deport immigrants.

  • In 1970 it was declared Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act, which includes heroin, DMT, LSD, Ecstasy, and others. containing one or more cannabinoids that have been derived from any 

  • Although most states restrict the use of CBD products to certain medical conditions, CBD isolate (what we infuse into our products) is derived from industrial hemp, with everything isolated out including THC, and therefore legal for anyone to use since the passage of the 2018 farm bill.

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Disclaimer -

These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat or cure any disease.
Canyon Collection does not sell or distribute any products that are in violation of the United States Controlled Substances Act (US CSA).

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